Bogor Botanical Gardens is one of the oldest botanical gardens created in 1817 which has a role in initiating the development of botanical science, scientific exchange, and the relationship between nature and culture, especially in tropical Asia. Bogor Botanical Gardens have a role in conservation, research, education, and tourism. Bogor Botanical Gardens provides environmental services by creating several natural habitats for many organisms, and is categorized as a Cultural Landscape.
Located in the administrative area of Bogor City, West Java Province, Indonesia, with an area of 75.4 hectares, in general has a relatively flat and slightly bumpy topography, is located at 260 meters above sea level and is right in the heart of Bogor.
Prof. Caspar Georg Karl Reinwardt was the founder and first leader of the Bogor Botanical Gardens. The establishment of the Bogor Botanical Gardens can be said to have started the development of science in Indonesia. From this was born several other scientific institutions, such as the Bibliotheca Bogoriensis (1842), Herbarium Bogoriense (1844), Cibodas Botanical Garden (1860), the Treub Laboratory (1884), and the Museum and Zoology Laboratory (1894).
Prof. Caspar Georg Karl Reinwardt is a German national and good friends with Abner who moved to the Netherlands and became a botanist and chemist. He was then appointed minister of agriculture, art and science in Java and beyond. He was interested in investigating various plants used for medicine. He decided to collect all these plants in a botanical garden in the city of Bogor, then called Buitenzorg.
But the idea of establishing a botanical garden originated from a biologist namely Abner who wrote a letter to the Governor General G.A.G.Ph.Van Der Capellen. The letter revealed his desire to ask for a plot of land to be used as a useful plant garden, a place for teacher education, and a collection of plants for the development of other gardens.
On May 18, 1817, Governor General Godert Alexander Gerard Philip van der Capellen formally established the Bogor Botanical Gardens under the name 'Lands Plantentuin te Buitenzorg. Its establishment was begun by planting the first hoe swing in Bogor as a sign of the construction of the garden, whose implementation was led by Reinwardt himself, assisted by James Hooper and W. Kent (from the famous Kew Botanic Gardens in Richmond, England).
Around 47 hectares of land around the Bogor Palace were used as the first land for botanical gardens. Reinwardt became his first director from 1817 to 1822. He used this opportunity to collect plants and seeds from other parts of the archipelago. Bogor soon became the center of agricultural and horticultural development in Indonesia. At present it is estimated that around 900 live plants are planted in this garden.
In the colonial era, when during the dry season in Java, Bogor was the capital of Indonesia during the British occupation under the leadership of Stamford Raffles. Bogor is famous for its Botanical Gardens bordering the State Palace, covering an area of 87 hectares, and there are thousands of types of plants from all over the world. In the Dutch Era (1817-1945 and 1948-1952), it was the "Golden Age" for research, and in the early 1900s with the discovery of auxins and mycorrhizae, then innovations in economic botany resulted in an increase in wealth for the Dutch Government with the development of plantations for agro-industry for exotic species namely oil palm, rubber, coffee, tea, quinine and tobacco.
Awareness of nature and environmental conservation must continue to be pursued by all components of the nation, with the hope that conservation can become collective awareness and real action. This is inseparable from the many potentials that Indonesia has with its natural wealth which makes Indonesia dubbed as a mega biodiversity country. One of the efforts to increase conservation awareness is through the Java Private Tour Edutourism activity which contains education in the Bogor Botanical Gardens area which is one of the fortresses of environmental conservation, and from a scientific perspective the Bogor Botanical Gardens are the Mother of Experiential Natural Science, the Botanical Gardens are one of the faces of Indonesia in conservation in the field of life sciences which of course makes the City of Bogor as one of the favorite Edutourism destinations in Indonesia and one of the best Botanical Gardens in the world in the field of tropical plant conservation and research environmental, education and tourism. Bogor Botanical Gardens has a long history, both in the history of science, nature conservation, as well as local wisdom and culture, so of course the dimensions of knowledge are becoming wider. In this place also born natural scientists with various experiments, starting in the colonial era until now.
Live like a local, and it's like having knowledgeable friends at every destination you visit.
The best way to find out and get the most out of your trip, you have a local assistance plan, plan your Trip with a Java Private Tour and you will get a one-on-one consultation with a local!. Java Private Tour as a local host will assist you in planning your trip, be it related to transportation, accommodation, or provide various information before you continue your trip, it can be all kinds of things, for example starting from the environment, like fashion appearance: you have to choose the one that is the most suitable to wear, or maybe Is the restaurant as good as the reviews say?.
At the end of the experience, you will get a customized itinerary with all the personal recommendations you want, including all the links to make a reservation, and what makes your trip even more special with the Java Private Tour? That is, you can find our local people directly when you are at your desired destination.
Are you interested in exploring another side of the island of Java that you never knew before? Find your destination and start planning your trip with a Java Private Tour!
BOOK YOUR PRIVATE TOUR NOW AND GET READY TO EXPLORING BOGOR WITH JAVA PRIVATE TOUR
*Click HERE to find out more information about our Bogor Trip